Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus. Sometimes the walls of these blood vessels stretch so thin that the veins bulge and get irritated, especially when you poop. Swollen hemorrhoids are also called piles.
Internal hemorrhoids often result in painless, bright red rectal bleeding when defecating. External hemorrhoids often result in pain and swelling in the area of the anus. If bleeding occurs it is usually darker. Symptoms frequently get better after a few days. A skin tag may remain after the healing of an external hemorrhoid.
Sometimes hemorrhoids prolapse, or get bigger and bulge outside the anal sphincter. Then you may be able to see them as moist bumps that are pinker than the surrounding area. And they’re more likely to hurt, often when you poop.
Images of Hemorrhoids
Images: Types and Stages of Hemorrhoids
Internal – This happens when the internal veins are pressed with heavy pressure. The major sign is blood in the stool or tissue paper. It is also painful and can be a huge problem when it prolapsed. A prolapsed hemorrhoid means that it has slip down the anal cavity.
External – These are the issues that prolapsed past the anal cavity. These are typically painful and prone to bleeding. These can also produce burning which can be very discomforting. External type can be thrombosed or prolapsed.
Thrombosed – These are external hemorrhoids characterized by blood clots. The clots form when veins become inflamed and the blood supply is cut off. When this occurs, the hemorrhoids split and causes clot formation under the skin. This type can be extremely painful and requires surgery as treatment.
Prolapsed – This is a type of internal hemorrhoids that slips below the anal cavity. This happens as the hemorrhoidal tissues become weak.
4 Stages or Grades of Hemorrhoids
Grade 1 – It is characterized by an internal hemorrhoids that is still above the anal cavity or pectinate line. At this stage, pain is not yet evident since no signs are still present at this stage. But in some cases, mild discomfort and itching can be observed.
Grade 2 – This stage marks the starting point of prolapsed. At this stage, the hemorrhoidal tissues begin to weaken and collapse making the condition slip out the anal canal, but reversible. Piles in second grade as typically annoying and painful.
Grade 3 – These are also characterized by prolapsed, but they are not reversible. This means that the prolapsed hemorrhoid cannot be pushed back inside unlike in Grade 2. These cases are totally discomforting and painful and may bleed.
Grade 4 – These cases overhang from the opening of the rectum and remain hanging outside. These are tremendously painful, prone to bleeding and infection.
Pictures: Stage of Anal Cancer
Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body.
Anal cancer can cause signs and symptoms such as rectal bleeding and anal pain.
Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Though combining anal cancer treatments increases the chance of a cure, the combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects.
Anal cancer signs and symptoms include:
- Rectal bleeding
- Rectal itching
- A lump or mass at the anal opening
- Pain or a feeling of fullness in the anal area
- Narrowing of stool or other changes in bowel movements
- Abnormal discharge from the anus
- Swollen lymph nodes in the anal or groin areas
Photo: Yoga Poses for Hemorrhoid Relief
Hemorrhoids, also referred to as piles, are a sometimes painful, embarrassing condition caused by inflammation of the veins of your anus. Hemorrhoids usually result from excessive straining during bowel movements or due to strain placed on the bowels during pregnancy. Certain yoga poses may help to alleviate the discomfort associated with hemorrhoids. Consult your doctor if you think you have hemorrhoids, as anal bleeding may be a sign of a more serious intestinal disorder. Talk to your doctor or a qualified yoga teacher prior to performing these yoga poses.