Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, a walnut-sized gland situated directly below the bladder in men. The prostate gland produces fluid (semen) that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostatitis often causes painful or difficult urination. Other symptoms include pain in the groin, pelvic area or genitals and sometimes flu-like symptoms.
Prostatitis affects men of all ages but tends to be more common in men 50 or younger. The condition has a number of causes. Sometimes the cause isn’t identified. If prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can usually be treated with antibiotics.
Depending on the cause, prostatitis can come on gradually or suddenly. It might improve quickly, either on its own or with treatment. Some types of prostatitis last for months or keep recurring (chronic prostatitis).
Acute Prostatitis: Causes
Any bacteria that causes UTIs can cause prostatitis. Bacteria that commonly cause UTIs and prostatitis include:
- Proteus species
- Klebsiella species
- Escherichia coli
Some bacteria that cause STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can also cause acute bacterial prostatitis. Other conditions that can lead to acute bacterial prostatitis include:
- urethritis, or inflammation of your urethra
- epididymitis, or inflammation of your epididymis, which is the tube that connects your testicles and vas deferens
- phimosis, which is the inability to pull back the foreskin of your penis
- injury to your perineum, which is the area between your scrotum and rectum
- bladder outlet obstruction, which can occur due to an enlarged prostate or stones in your bladder
- urinary catheters or cystoscopy
Prostatitis: Symptoms and Diagnosis
Prostatitis signs and symptoms depend on the cause. They can include:
- Pain or burning sensation when urinating (dysuria)
- Difficulty urinating, such as dribbling or hesitant urination
- Frequent urination, particularly at night (nocturia)
- Urgent need to urinate
- Cloudy urine
- Blood in the urine
- Pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back
- Pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum (perineum)
- Pain or discomfort of the penis or testicles
- Painful ejaculation
- Flu-like signs and symptoms (with bacterial prostatitis)
The symptoms of prostatitis are various, the etiology and pathology are complex. It is very difficult to treat prostatitis, compared with other genitourinary diseases. Hemorrhoids are another the disease that difficult to cure. Many patients suffer these two diseases together. Can hemorrhoids cause prostatitis? The answer is Yes, but not directly, and the possibility is not big.
Can hemorrhoids affect your prostatitis?
The blood vessels, nerves and lymph vessels of the prostate and anorectum are linked. Prostate and anorectal arteries are branches of the inferior rectal artery. Prostate vein clump and hemorrhoid venous plexus are consistent with each other, and then feed into the superior rectal vein. Not only that, the lymphatic vessels and nerve of the prostate and anorectum are connected with each other. Therefore, the incidence, etiology, pathogenesis, pathological process and clinical symptoms are very similar. Prostatitis patients also have the symptoms of urinary frequency, urgency, and often accompanied by the anus mouth discomfort, tingling, tenesmus and endless defecate or bleeding symptoms. Although the possibility is not big for man, all these may become the reason that hemorrhoids may causes prostatitis.
Both of hemorrhoids and prostatitis bloods are supplied by the rectal artery, and go into the same note inferior rectal veins. Thus, hemorrhoids and prostatitis might influence each other. Pathogens may spread through the blood and lymph vessels because of the interaction between nerve. That’s why hemorrhoids might cause prostatitis. For the prostatitis, patients can take diuretic and anti-inflammatory pill, which is a kind of pure natural medicine, and has no side effect. By the way, please pay attention that if the hemorrhoids are blooding, please do not eat this pill, for it has the function of activating blood circulation.
Chronic Hemorrhoids and Prostate Problems
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). This is the most common type of prostatitis. It shares many of the same signs as bacterial prostatitis. The difference is that when tests are run, no bacteria are present with this type.
Doctors aren’t sure what causes CP/CPPS. Triggers include stress, nearby nerve damage, and physical injury. Chemicals in your urine or a UTI you had in the past may play a role. CP/CPPS has also been linked to immune disorders like chronic fatigue syndrome and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
The main sign of CP/CPPS is pain that lasts more than 3 months in at least one of these body parts:
- Between your scrotum and rectum
- Lower abdomen
- Lower back
You may also have pain when you pee or ejaculate. You might not be able to hold your urine, or you may have to pee more than 8 times a day. A weak urine stream is another common symptom of CP/CPPS.
Asymptomatic prostatitis. Men who have this type of prostatitis have an inflamed prostate but no symptoms. You may only learn you have it if your doctor does a blood test that checks your prostate health. Asymptomatic prostatitis doesn’t need any treatment, but it can lead to infertility.
Hemorrhoids and prostatitis are common diseases among male, both diseases are caused by inflammation. So, many people may suspect their prostatitis may be caused by hemorrhoid. In fact, although hemorrhoid may affect prostatitis, it’s not direct and the possibility is not big.
Hemorrhoids refer to the swollen blood vessels of the rectum. These hemorrhoidal veins are located in the anus and the lowest area of the rectum. Sometimes these veins may swell, which leads to the vein walls become stretched, thin, and irritated when you have bowel movements.
Prostatitis can be often described as an infection of the prostate. However, inflammation with no sign of infection can also cause prostatitis. What’s more, only 5% to 10% of cases are caused by bacterial infection.
Both Hemorrhoids and prostatitis are stubborn diseases, which is difficult to be cured. However, there are still some patients infected with these two diseases, they are suffering the unbearable pain. So, many patients may ask if their prostatitis can be caused by hemorrhoids?
Generally speaking, prostatitis and hemorrhoids are two kinds of diseases, hemorrhoids is caused by the weak backflow function and tortuous of blood vessels. However, a long-term of untreated hemorrhoids may aggravate the prostatitis disease.
Although prostatitis may cause pain in perineum or lumbosacral portion, it has no direct relation to hemorrhoids. Prostatitis can be a chronic disease; it has a long treatment time and strict therapeutic approaches. Due to the special tissues growing outside prostate, the drug cannot easily permeate into the prostate, which can be the main reason lead to the relapse of prostatitis.
Prostatitis treatments depend on the underlying cause. They can include:
- Antibiotics. This is the most commonly prescribed treatment for prostatitis. Your doctor will choose your medication based on the type of bacteria that might be causing your infection. If you have severe symptoms, you might need intravenous (IV) antibiotics. You’ll likely need to take oral antibiotics for four to six weeks but might need longer treatment for chronic or recurring prostatitis.
- Alpha blockers. These medications help relax the bladder neck and the muscle fibers where your prostate joins your bladder. This treatment might ease symptoms, such as painful urination.
- Anti-inflammatory agents. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) might make you more comfortable.
Alternative therapies that show some promise for reducing symptoms of prostatitis include:
- Biofeedback. A biofeedback specialist uses signals from monitoring equipment to teach you to control certain body functions and responses, including relaxing your muscles.
- Acupuncture. This involves inserting very thin needles through your skin to various depths at certain points on your body.
- Herbal remedies and supplements. There’s no evidence that herbs and supplements improve prostatitis, although many men take them. Some herbal treatments for prostatitis include rye grass (cernilton), a chemical found in green tea, onions and other plants (quercetin) and extract of the saw palmetto plant.
Discuss your use of alternative medicine practices and supplements with your doctor.